Infertility is the inability to conceive a child for over a year, even with regular intercourse without contraception. The infertility issue has widened its reach worldwide and has impacted many young couples of reproductive age. It is estimated that around 10-15% of couples deal with infertility.
However, not all couples with fertility issues are necessarily diagnosed with infertility. Often those with some fertility issues can still achieve pregnancy without any infertility treatments.
But often, when a couple is unable or has difficulty conceiving naturally, they may need some fertility tests to diagnose the underlying cause of this difficulty in pregnancy. Upon diagnosis, it is often found that there is some kind of infertility either in one of the partners or both that needs medical interventions.
Before seeking a diagnosis, it is essential to understand the common signs of fertility problems that may also be related to infertility. However, not getting pregnant is itself the most significant sign of infertility. Despite this, there can be other symptoms that you can notice to know if you’ve fertility problems.
Signs of Female Fertility Issues or Infertility
- Irregular or No Periods
- Hormonal Imbalance (facial hair growth, thinning hair, severe acne, etc.)
- Reduced sex drive
- Pain during intercourse
- Painful & heavy periods
- Age of a woman
- Damaged fallopian tubes
- Premature Menopause
- Ovulation disorders
- Medical history that may have affected the ovaries
Signs of Male Fertility Issues
- Changes in sexual desire
- Pain, swelling, or a lump in the testicle area
- Problem with ejaculation
- Issues maintaining erection
- Abnormal breast growth (gynecomastia)
- hormonal abnormality like decreased facial or body hair
If you have these symptoms, you should immediately get in touch with a fertility specialist. Your healthcare provider will run diagnostic tests to determine the underlying cause of the issues.
Fertility Tests for Female
Being unable to get pregnant for over a year doesn’t automatically mean you’re infertile and won’t have children. For that, you should consider fertility tests for women. The fertility doctor will run some tests to diagnose female fertility issues. Here are some of the female fertility tests that may be recommended-
- Hysterosalpingography (HSG X-ray)
- Ovarian Reserve Testing
- Hormone Blood test (Ovulation testing)
- Sonogram (Ultrasound)
In some cases, medical or surgical procedures may also be recommended, such as Hysteroscopy & laparoscopy. This will help look inside the cervix and uterus to diagnose and treat causes of reproductive organ dysfunction.
In Hysteroscopy, a small-diameter device with a light on the end called a hysteroscope is inserted through your vagina into the uterus to examine the cervix, take a tissue sample, prevent bleeding, or remove polyps or fibroid tumors. Whereas laparoscopy will help evaluate the reproductive system’s structure using a telescope-like instrument called a laparoscope.
Fertility Test For Male
Pregnancy is a complicated process. In order to conceive, a man’s sperm must combine with a woman’s egg. But if there are fertility issues, your fertility doctor may recommend several male fertility tests to diagnose the cause and suggest a treatment plan accordingly.
- Sperm & Semen analysis
- Physical Exam
- Transrectal ultrasound
- Hormone testing
- Genetic testing
After the diagnostic procedure, your fertility doctor might recommend treatment depending on the severity of the fertility issues and your goal. If you wish to start a family, you may have the option to go for assisted reproductive technology such as In vitro fertilization (IVF)
However, before moving straight to advance infertility treatments like IVF, your healthcare provider might also recommend –
Your fertility doctor may recommend weight loss through a low-calorie diet, daily exercise to lower blood sugar levels, and other healthy lifestyle choices that might improve your condition. Even studies have found that losing some weight may bring back ovulation.
Your doctor may recommend a combination of fertility drugs and medications to help you ovulate & to lower the symptoms.
In some cases, minor surgeries such as laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, or Vasectomy reversal (for males) may help overcome fertility problems.
Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART)
In vitro fertilization (IVF) – The most effective infertility treatment option for couples. During the IVF process, the ovaries are stimulated with fertility drugs. The mature eggs are then retrieved and fertilized with the partner’s sperm outside the body. Fertilization is done by exposing the eggs to sperm in a culture dish. After that, the embryo is placed back into the uterus.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) – It is a simple & significant first step to treating infertility. The process involves placing several washed sperm directly into the uterus, and the IUI procedure works well for men with sperm motility issues.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) – It is done as a part of the IVF process to overcome male fertility issues and to increase the success rate of IVF. In ICSI, a single sperm is surgically retrieved and physically injected into an egg after the mature egg retrieval in IVF.
Consult a Fertility Specialist
If you’re having fertility issues or cannot conceive, get in touch with the fertility specialist at Crysta IVF to diagnose the issue and know which infertility treatment would be proper for you. Crysta IVF is a renowned name in the fertility field and aims to provide world-class infertility treatment in India at an affordable rate.